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Germany (OF)

Continent: Europe Germany Land
Surface: 357.092 km ²
Inhabitants: 82.310.000
Capital: Berlin International banking code (ISO Codes): OF
Official language: German Code: +49
Currency: Euro Number plate: D
Routes of Germany: 36166 Routes towards Germany: 25154
Preferred airports: Hamburg (HAM), Frankfurt (FRA), Dusseldorf (DUS), Berlin-Tegel (TXL), Munich (million u.a.), Stuttgart (STR), Saarbrucken (SNA), Karlsruhe (FKB), Berlin (TXL, SXF) (BER), Frankfurt-Hahn (HHN)
Principal cities: Berlin, Hamburg, München, Köln, Frankfurt amndt Hand, Essen, Stuttgart, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Bremen, Hannover, Leipzig, Duisburg, Wahren, Nürnberg
Airline company based in Germany: Deutsche Lufthansa, airberlin, Germanwings, Condor, Sun Express train, Airlines Cirrus, TUIfly, LTU, OLT, HI International Hamburg, dBa, Germania Express train, Hapagfly, Luftfahrtgesellschaft Walter, Hahn Air Lines, XL Airways Germany, Private Wings Flugcharter GMBH, HLX (Hapag-Lloyd Express train), Blue Wings, Contact Air, Sylt Air, Aviation Assistance

Tourist guide Germany (Europe)

Germany is a country located at the having west of Europe of the common borders with many countries of which Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and Netherlands. In north, the country has a littoral on the North Sea and the Baltic which constitute a natural border. Germany is a federal republic made up of 16 states called “Länder”.

Geography: Germany present of the relatively varied landscapes which one can conveniently divide into three great areas. North presents a landscape of plains traversed of hills, lakes and marshes, while the center is occupied by a rather mountainous area, but of an average altitude lower than 1500 meters. Lastly, the South shelters the highest area of the country which however does not exceed the altitude of 3.000 meters, in which are drawn up the Bavarian Alps and in particular Alps in which the culminating point of the country rises.

Relief and river: the culminating point of Germany, Zugspitze, is drawn up at an altitude of 2.962 meters in the Bavarian Alps, with horse on the border with Austria. It is also in this area that draw up all more the high summits of the country, among which one can quote Hochwanner which rises with 2.746 meters and Watzmann which rises with 2.713 meters. Germany is also traversed by many rivers of which longest, the Danube, takes its source in the Black Forest, crosses Bavaria, then Austria before crossing the Central Europe and throwing themselves in the Black Sea. With its 2850 kilometers, it represents the second plus water long course of Europe after the Volga. Among the other important rivers, one finds the Rhine which constitutes a natural border with Switzerland and France and throws itself in the North Sea, but also Elba, Weser, Oder and Neisse. More the big lake of the country is the lake of Constancy, located in the south of the country close to the borders with Switzerland and Austria and to a surface of 536 km ². Germany also shelters many other lakes, in particular in North, the plate of the lakes of Mecklembourg on which extend the Lake Schwerin and the Lake Plau, and in Bavaria where extends inter alia the Lake Chiemsee.

Climate and period of voyage advised: Germany is in a zone with the relatively moderate climate. Because of the important differences in climatic relief and influences to which the various areas are subjected, the climate can vary in a rather important way. Thus, in the areas of mountains of the south, the mountain climate is quite different from the climate on the littoral of north. Nevertheless, the best period to go to Germany, except if one wishes to practice winter sports there, is without question between May and October, period during which the climate, ranging between 20°C with 30°C, is much more pleasant than during the rigorous winters than knows the whole of the territory and where abundant nature is shown under its day more opened out, which, in a country covered with 30% with forests does not constitute a negligible aspect.

Official languages and spoken languages: the official language of Germany is German, but the country is rich in dialects and regional patois, such as Plattdeutsch spoken in north about the country. French is of course rather largely widespread in the areas bordering on France.

Health and vaccinations: in Germany, nothing in particular to be announced in the field of health and vaccinations. The German health system satisfied the best European standards. It is advised to provide itself with a European chart of health insurance which one can obtain from his case of usual health insurance within fifteen or so days and to contract a medical insurance repatriation for the most serious cases.

Conditions of entry on the territory: for a one duration stay envisaged lower than three months, the French nationals must simply provide themselves with a national card of identity or a valid passport.

Travel and transport: airport of Paris (CDG) the airline companies Air France (AF) and Lufthansa (LX) propose direct flights towards the airport of Berlin-Tegel (TXL). De Lyon-Saint-Exupéry-Satolas (LILY), Lufthansa also proposes flights towards Berlin (TXL) with a stopover either in Munich (million u.a.), or in Düsseldorf (DUS) or in Frankfurt (FRA). From Marseilles (MRS), Lufthansa (LX) also proposes flights with a stopover in the same cities, KLM (KL) proposes flights with a stopover in Amsterdam (AMS) and Alitalia (AZ) proposes flights with a stopover in Milan (MXP).

The capital: become again the capital of reunified Germany on October 3rd, 1990, Berlin is today a city made up of 12 districts which shelters approximately 4,2 million inhabitants. In true capital, the city has an incredible richness, as well on the historical level as on the cultural level, without forgetting, which Paris can to only envy him, a nature very present since 20% of the surface of the city are occupied by forests and lakes.
Berlin being made up of the successive regrouping several surrounding villages, presents a very decentralized character.

The center of the city, Mitte represents the historical center all the same of it. One can admire there most of the monuments emblématiques of the city, to start with the Door of Brandebourg immortalized by the television channels of the whole world during the Fall of the Wall in November 1989, and Reichtag, sits of the German Parliament, sadly celebrates for the fire Nazi of which it was victim in 1933, now restored and embellished of a cupola out of glass imagined by the architect Norman Foster.
The famous avenue Unter den Linden bordered of a multitude of historical buildings such as Staatsoper, one of the three operas which account the city, the university Humboldt and imposing it Berliner Dom, leads directly to Alexanderplatz on which draws up Fernsehturm, the tower of television, high 368 meters, the top of which, a rotary restaurant, one can enjoy a unspoilable view on all the place with architecture with the very Soviet charm and on the remainder of the city and its surroundings.
Always in Mitte, one will not miss the island of the Museums, classified with the world heritage of UNESCO, complex cultural including/understanding 5 museums of which the Pergame Museum, the Old Museum, the New Museum, the Old National Gallery and the Bode Museum very recently renovated and réouvert with the public.
The Museum of the Wall, located on Friedrichstrasse, to the site of the old border post Checkpoint Charlie, exposes multiple documents and objects having milked to the history of the Wall which divided the entre1961 city and 1989.

The district of Tiergarten also offers many interesting visits. On Kurfürstendamm, large commercial artery, one can be collected in front of the Church of the Memory, church almost entirely destroyed in 1943 by a bombardment at the time of the Second world war and preserved at the state of ruin in remembering the victims of this conflict.
Behind the church the zoo of Berlin is, one of most beautiful of the world, which shelters very many species of which certain extremely rare.
The park of Tiergarten, with in its center the Column of the Victoire, is the largest park of the city, and was in particular made famous at the time of Love Parades which were held there.
Potsdamer Platz, remained a long time No man' S Land after the war, is today, from its futurist architecture and its many shops, coffees and cinemas, one of the large tourist poles impossible to circumvent of the city.

Lastly, among the many monuments and memorials which commemorate the memory of the victims of the Nazi Germany, one can recommend the visit of the old concentration camp of Sachsenhausen, located at the north of the city, in direction of Oranienbourg and that of the Jewish museum, the largest museum of this type of Europe, works architectural impressive due to the architect Daniel Libeskind, and who recalls the history of the Jewish community in Germany on more than 2000 years.

At the time of a visit of Berlin, it would be a shame not to go to Potsdam, capital of Brandebourg, located at a score of kilometers only of the capital. The city is especially known for the conference held by the allies into 1945 which was to decide fate of overcome Germany, but it is also famous for its splendid Parc of Sanssouci, classified with the World heritage of UNESCO, which shelters two palates and of many architectural curiosities such as splendid Orangerie, a Chinese palate or false ruins gréco-Romans. The city has a a little obsolete charm, inherited its constructions dating from the 18th century and shelters a picturesque Dutch district.
For the film enthusiasts, a visit of the studios of Babelsberg is essential. It is there that were turned of the chiefs-D' works such as „Metropolis “of Fritz Lang and „the blue Angel “with unforgettable Marlène Dietrich.

Tourist sites: Germany can enorgueillir itself to have a cultural heritage and naturalness of a not very common richness.

Dresden, the capital of Saxony, constitutes a strong good example of it. Often called „the Florence of Elba “, it is without question one of the most beautiful towns of Germany. However this beautiful inheritance failed well to disappear in 1943 pennies the bombardments from the Royal Air Force which destroyed a third of the city and made approximately 135.000 victims. Fortunately the city was the subject of a progressive rebuilding which enabled him to find its ostentation. Thus for example the Semper Opera, often considered as one of the most beautiful operas of Renaissance style of the world was rebuilt stone by stone and almost with the identical one. It was in the same way for the Palate Zwinger, the Palate of kings de Saxe dating from 18th. This beautiful baroque unit to date shelters the Gallery of the Former Masters in whom one can admire inter alia works of Raphaël, Titien, Rembrandt and Rubens. More recently, Frauenkirche, Notre-Dame of Dresden, dating from 18th and reduced one in ashes by a fire in 1945 it also was the subject of a remarkable rebuilding, 45 years after its destruction. It is reopened with the public only since 2006.
If Dresden shines by its architectural heritage, the surrounding area, the Valley of Elba and Switzerland saxonne, classified with the inheritance of UNESCO, makes it possible beautiful to go for splendid walks or excursion.

Among the other famous German cities for their charm, one can quote Heidelberg, located in the Land of Bade-Wurtemberg, which it also, like so much of other German cities, underwent bombardments in 1944, but is remained relatively saved. It shelters a splendid castle dating from the beginning of the 15th century in Gothic style and Rebirth which dominates all the valley of Neckar.

The Land of Bavaria unquestionably deserves that one carries out a tour there in order to discover there the infinite treasures which it conceals.

The visit can start with the capital, Munich, third German city after the capital and Hamburg. The city, crossed by the Isar river, shelters approximately 1,3 million inhabitants and constitutes a large economic pole. Its history is associated forever with the rise of Hitler and its party during the years 1920 and 1930, since this one had made its stronghold of it. In 1933, it is in the surroundings of Munich, in Dachau which was built the first concentration camp Nazi. Heavily bombarded during the Second world war, the city was then occupied by the American troops. Today, the city is famous for the Beer festival which is held to with it every year between at the end of September and at the beginning of October and which attracts many tourists, but also for its intense cultural life since the city shelters many museums of which more snuffed is Deutsches Museum, the museum of sciences and technology. The city also constitutes a high-place of the classical music thanks to its philharmonic orchestra and to its many other formations and is the theater many festivals and various festivals which are held to with it throughout the year.
To the cultural heritage and history the beauty of surrounding nature is added. In addition to banks of Isar favourable with the walk, the city shelters celebrates it English Jardin which extends on 3,7km2, that is to say a surface higher than that of the Central Park of New York and in the neighborhoods the landscape is decorated many lakes among which Ammersee.

One of the alternatives often chosen by the tourists come from the whole world to discover Bavaria consists in following the romantic Road which connect the town of Würzbourg to the town of Füssen while passing by many cities and villages and whose principal attractions are without question the town of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, true museum city remained unchanged since the Rebirth and the Castle of Neuschwanstein, fantastic castle dreamed by the king Louis II of Bavaria. The building, in neo-gothic style, which has, says one inspired the Disney studios, is today the castle more visited of Germany.
The two Bavarian cities of Bamberg, located into High-Franconie and of Ratisbon, located in Haut-Palatinat are respectively classified with the world heritage of the humanity of UNESCO since 1993 and 2006.

Religion: in Germany, the two-thirds of the population are of Christian religion, that is to say approximately 50 million people who are divided into two about equal communities of catholics and Protestants. The last third of the population belongs either at a Muslim community, or at a Jewish community, or is declared without confession.

Big cities and possibilities of lodging: Berlin, Cologne, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich and Stuttgart.

Flights expensive not preferred towards and of Germany/OF

·  Flight Nice Hamburg (NCE HAM) with Deutsche Lufthansa
·  Flight Paris Dusseldorf (BY DUE) with Aegean Airlines, Delta Air Lines
·  Flight Paris Munich (BY million u.a.) with Aegean Airlines, Delta Air Lines
·  Flight Toulouse Hamburg (TLS HAM) with Germanwings
·  Flight Las Palmas Hamburg (LPA HAM) with airberlin, Condor, TUIfly
·  Flight Paris Berlin-Tegel (BY TXL) with Delta Air Lines
·  Flight Geneva Munich (GVA million u.a.) with Deutsche Lufthansa, International Swiss Air Lines, Air China
·  Flight Paris Hamburg (BY HAM) with Delta Air Lines
·  Flight Beauvais Stripped Dusseldorf (BVA DUE)
·  Flight Lyon Hamburg (LILY HAM) with Air France
·  Flight Stuttgart Izmir (STR ADB) with Sun Express train, Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
·  Flight Hamburg Amsterdam (HAM AMS) 13 Flights per week with KLM, Northwest Airlines, Continental Airlines
·  Flight Frankfurt PAPEETE (FRA Pt)
·  Flight Frankfurt Bangkok (FRA BKK) with TAP Air, Thai Airways, Deutsche Lufthansa, Air Canada
·  Flight Frankfurt Nador (FRA NDR) with Royal Air Maroc
·  Flight Frankfurt Singapore (FRA SIN) 14 Flights per week with Singapore Airlines, Qantas Airways, Deutsche Lufthansa, British Airways, BATCH Polish Airlines, Air Canada
·  Flight Hanover Lyon (HAJ LILY)
·  Flight Frankfurt Vancouver (FRA YVR) with Air Canada, Deutsche Lufthansa, Condor, Air Deckchair
·  Flight Saarbrucken Venice (SNA VCE)
·  Flight Frankfurt Colombo (FRA CMB) with SriLankan Airlines, Condor
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