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Australia (AU)

Continent: Oceania Australia Land
Surface: 7.692.030 km ²
Inhabitants: 205.723
Capital: Canberra International banking code (ISO Codes): WITH
Official language: English Code: +61
Currency: Australian dollar Number plate: AUS
Routes of Australia: 4426 Routes towards Australia: 5119
Preferred airports: Sydney (SYD), Sydney Pink Bay (RSE), Brisbane (BNE), Melbourne (MEL), Cairns (CNS), Ayers Rock'n'roll (AYQ), Darwin (DRW), Julia Creek (JCK), Biloela (ZBL), Gold Coast (OOL)
Principal cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Newcastle, Canberra, Wollongong, Cairns, Geelong West, Townsville, Albury NS, Nowra NS, Darwin, Toowoomba
Airline company based in Australia: Qantas Airways, Virgin Blue, V Australia, Jetstar Airways, Regional Express train, Macair Airlines, Sunshine Airlines Express train, OzJet, Aeropelican Air Services, Aero Tropics Air Services, Aboriginal Air Services, Sky Air World, Skippers Aviation, Brindabella Airlines, National Jet, Skytrans Airlines, O' Connor Airlines, Australian Airlines, Tiger Airways Australia, Regional Pacific Airlines, Airnorth Regional, Australian Air Express train, Skywest Airlines, Air Link

Tourist guide Australia (Oceania)

Australia is the smallest continent of the world. It is also, after the Antarctic, that which is furthest away from Europe. The country is bordered in North by the seas of Arafura and Timor, in the East by the large barrier of coral and the sea of Tasmanie of the Southern Pacific, and finally, in the South and the West, by the Indian Ocean. Many islands in the Pacific are also Australian territories, such as for example Tasmanie, the Norfolk island, the islands Cocos, Christmas island, the island Ashmore and Cartier, as well as Australia the Antarctic and the islands Heard and Mc Donald in the South of the Antarctic.

Geography: The landscapes are extremely varied. That goes from the arid deserts with their red sand to the very green tropical forests, with the luxuriant vegetation. The plates of the West occupy approximately 60% of the total surface area of the country. This area is relatively arid and has desert features. West in the East stretches the assembly line of Great Dividing Range, also called Great Dividing Range. With its 3200 km, it is the longest chain of Australia. The mountains of Snowy Mountains form part of it. Culminating to 2228 m, they are more the high mountains of the Australian continent. This chain by the North-East to stretch all along the Eastern coast, before losing itself in the large plate of central Australia. Moreover, its many storage reservoirs ensure most of the supply of the East of Australia drinking water. The central areas of Australia are not livable. Therefore the major part of the population lives on the east coasts and South of the country. With the borders of the areas of the North-East, in the peninsula of Wrap-York, it is the jungle which dominates.

Mountains and rivers: More the high mountain of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko, which culminates with 2.228 meters and is in the national park of the same name. It is located at C œ ur mountains of Snowy Mountains, in the State of New South Wales. With its 2.740 kilometers length, Darling River is the longest river of the country. It occurs with C œ ur Western slopes of Dividing Range and will join Murray River which finishes its race in the Indian Ocean.

Climate and advised period: Because of the big size of the Australian continent, one finds several climatic zones there. In North, the climate is tropical or subtropical. The more one approaches the South, the more the climate becomes moderate. Snow falls only into the mountainous regions from South-east.

Language (S) of the country and communication: The spoken language and official language are the English. But beside that, about many other spoken languages by the immigrant populations are still spoken and included/understood. Come to be added about fifty languages aboriginals to it spoken in more than 250 dialects by the Australian aboriginals.

Health and vaccines: It is in general recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis has, typhus, the polio, the diphteria and tetanus. To protect itself from the viruses propagated by the mosquitos and the insects, it is enough most of the time to wear covering clothing and to use insecticides sold on the spot. It is in Australia that rays UV are strongest and thus also most dangerous. Too long exposures to the sun, just like an insufficient protection against the rays of the sun, can create irrevocable damage on the level of the skin. It is essential to have constantly with is a sun lotion ensuring a protection minimum of index 20. All the big cities deliver care of quality It however is recommended to provide itself with a special health insurance for the voyages with insurance-repatriation in the event of urgency. Apart from that, it is recommended to peel the fruits and to cook vegetables in order to avoid any risk of infection. It is also judicious to carry a small first-aid kit with the necessary one.

Conditions of entry: Separate for the Australian ones and the New Zealanders, any person wishing to enter on the Australian territory must be provided with a valid passport at least six months after the end of its stay and with a visa. For the tourist stays of less than three months, the electronic authorization of voyage (Electronic Authority Travel) replaced the visa, and this, for the majority of Europeans and the Canadians. You will obtain it free at the same time as your plane ticket near your travel agency. You can also obtain it by making some the request on the www.eta.immi.gov.au site (if you would have bought your ticket on Internet for example). You will have then to pay approximately 20 AU$. The minors must be provided with an individual passport.

If you wish to obtain from advantage of information in connection with the conditions of entry or safety, or on the vaccines to be carried out, please consult Internet site of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Arrival and continuation of the voyage: the Australian continent is served by almost all the airline companies operating with the international level, most known being Qantas (QF), but also Air France (AF), Lufthansa (LH) or British Airways (BA), either in direct flight, or in connection with other companies like Singapore Airlines (SQ) or Thai Airways (TG). These companies serve before all the international airports of Sydney (SYD), Adelaide (ADL), Melbourne (MEL), Perth (PER), Brisbane (BNE), Darwin (DRW), Hobart (HBA) and Cairns (CNS). As regards the interior flights, many local companies undertake some, since because of the surface of the country, to take the plane is thing as current over there as to take the bus in more modest countries of size. Some examples of destinations: Canberra (CBR), Karratha (KTA), Alice Springs (ASP) or Yulara (YDYL) to see Ayers Rock'n'roll (larger monolythe of the world). These destinations inter alia are served by Qantas Domestic, Eastern Australia Airlines (ONE), Macair Airlines (DC), Skywest (XR) or by the new companies at low prices such Jetstar (JQ) and Virgin Blue (DJ). As regards the interior flights towards Tasmanie, the small local company Tasair undertakes some (MT).

If you wish to visit the paradisiac islands of the Pacific-South, there exists a means of doing it without spending too much, thanks to “Visit South Pacific Pass”. It is possible to get it in Australia, New Zealand and in the Pacific-South. It is valid near the following companies: Quantas (QF), Air Caledonie (TY), Our Nauru (ON), Air Niugini (PX), Air Pacific (FJ), Air Vanuatu (NF), Polynesian Airlines (pH), like Solomon Airlines (IE). With the step, you can go in the following cities: Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Wellington (WLG), Auckland (AKL), Christchurch (CHC) and in the many airports of the Cook islands, and Fiji, in Nauru, in New Caledonia, in the Samoa, in Tahiti, in the islands Tonga and Vanuatu. This very flexible step and at the very advantageous price, is of course valid only if it is combined with an international flight, and that, for 6 months as from the first accomplished flight, this one having to take place except peaceful zone. Two of the coupons of flight (the maximum being of 8) must be bought before the arrival in the Southern Pacific. It is recommended to hold in advance certain destinations well, especially for the principal holiday periods of the inhabitants of the Southern Pacific.

Capital: The capital, Canberra is, with its 350.000 inhabitants, the eighth city of the Australian continent. It is located between Sydney and Melbourne. Because of the competitions tearing the two big cities of Sydney and Melbourne, which wanted both to become capital, Canberra was planned on the drawing board at the beginning of the 20th century. Outside the buildings of the government which one can visit freely, one can count among the centers of interest of the city the many art galleries, the botanical garden and his 5000 varieties of local plants, the very futuristic national museum of aspect, the monument in the honor of James Cook, and the museum of the dinosaurs, located at 15 km of the city, which has the largest collection of the southern hemisphere

Places of interest and bathe: There are enormously things to see on the Australian continent. The principal tourist places are, beside the big cities, the large barrier of coral (Great Barrier Reef), which, with its 2.200 kilometers length, forms the longest coral barrier of the world, limestone the trainings of the 12 apostles, high 60 meters, in the national park of Port-Campell, on the road of “Great Ocean Road”, in the State of Victoria and finally, Outback. in the back-country, which accounts for 75% of the surface of Australia

With not missing: Beside the large coral barrier, the tourist site more visited is without any doubt the national park of Uluru-Kata-Tjuta, placed under the protection of UNESCO, and located in the State de Northern Territory. This park indeed contains the sites of Ayers Rock and Olgas. The sandstone monolythe of Ayers Rock is 3,5 km long and 2 km broad. Just like “The Olgas”, it left ground there is that 800 Million years. The aboriginals regard it as crowned. In 1985, all this area was returned to the aboriginals which are since in charge with his maintenance and its safeguarding and which, in 1995, gave again with these crowned sites their name of Uluru origin for “Ayers Rock” and Kata Tjuta for “The Olgas”. Admittedly, the aboriginals do not see an good eye the rise of Uluru, but that is not prohibited. In the national park, one also finds many cave paintings and other crowned places, which are however not accessible to the public.

Religion: The Australian population is for 75% Christian woman, of many minorities dividing the 25% remainders. They belong to the other great religions of the world or are of the followers of the religions of nature.

Big cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide und Alice Springs.

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