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Indonesia (ID)

Continent: Asia Indonesia Land
Surface: 1.915.100 km ²
Inhabitants: 238.452
Capital: Jakarta International banking code (ISO Codes): ID
Official language: Indonésien Code: +62
Currency: Rupiah Number plate: IH
Routes of Indonesia: 2112 Routes towards Indonesia: 2630
Preferred airports: Bali (DPS), Jakarta (CGK), Jakarta - Metropolitan Area (JKT), Mataram Selaparang (FRIENDLY), Semarang (SRG), Yogyakarta Adisutjipt (JOG), Tanjung Pinang (TNJ), Alor (ARD), Biak Mokmer (BIK), Datadawai (DTD)
Principal cities: Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Bandung, Bekasi, Tangerang, Makasar, Semarang, Depok, Padang, Lampung Bandar, Malang, Yogyakarta, Banjarmasin, Surakarta
Airline company based in Indonesia: Garuda Indonesia, Sriwijaya Air, Adam Air, Batavia Air, Lion Air, Mandala Airlines, Dirgantara Air Services, Kartika Airlines, Merpati Nusantara Airlines, Wings Air, Pt. Pelita Air, Cardig Air, Indonesia AirAsia

Tourist guide Indonesia (Asia)

The Republic of Indonesia, country of the Southeast Asia, is with its 280 million inhabitants, the fourth country more populated in the world. It is divided into 33 areas and is an archipelago of approximately 17.000 islands from which only 6.000 are inhabited. They are distributed along an arc of East-West circle which connects Asia and Australia, between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Geography: the archipelago indonésien includes/understands six principal islands and of many other islands of very varied sizes and topography. The ones present a volcanic and mountainous relief being able to rise rather high, while the others present a landscape of plains or marshes.

Relief and river: more the high summit indonésien, located in Western New Guinea, Puncak Jaya, amounts to 4.884 Mr. It is by altitude between the Andes and the Himalayas. The longest river, Kapuas, traverses 1.145 km in the part indonésienne of the island of Borneo, Western Kalimantan.

Climate and period of voyage advised: it reigns mainly on the archipelago indonésien throughout the year, a hot and wet tropical climate. On average, the temperatures turn around 26°C. But, of course, because of wide and of geographical diversity of the archipelago, one observes great differences according to the areas. The best period to go to Indonesia is between April and October because at this period, the dry season prevails whereas from November to March, of important precipitations fall down on almost all the areas of the archipelago. The temperatures are of course fresher in the areas in altitude, in which pushes a luxuriant tropical vegetation, or on the slopes of the extinct volcanos.

Official languages and spoken languages: the official language is the indonésien, Bahasa Indonesia, which is in fact an alternative of the Malayan one. Naturally, because of the ethnic diversity which reigns in Indonesia, one counts approximately 250 different ethnos groups, it exists a great diversity of languages and dialects, each community using his own language. English, Dutch and Arabic being obligatory languages at the school, they are largely included/understood and spoken in all the archipelago. The oldest generations speak rather Dutch, youngest, English.

Health and vaccinations: generally one advises with the travellers to be made vaccinate against hepatitis has, typhus, the polio, the diphteria and tetanus. To prevent the viral diseases transmitted by the insects and the mosquitos, it is in general enough to cover well and apply products anti-insects. The risk to contract paludism exists on the territory indonésien, except perhaps on the very tourist islands of Bali and Java, and that throughout the year. It would be thus advisable to consult a doctor before your departure in order to define a preventive strategy. The health system is unfortunately satisfactory only in the big cities. Moreover, the treatments are in general rather expensive and it will be asked to you to regulate them in advance and in liquid. It should not also especially not be forgotten that the archipelago indonésien as a whole is regularly subjected to natural disasters, such as seisms or volcanic eruptions. This is why it is recommended to take an additional insurance which includes/understands a fast repatriation towards the capital, Jakarta, or towards Singapore.
It is also advised to contract a insurance-voyage including/understanding a insurance-repatriation for the most serious cases. For more safety and to avoid risks of infection, it is recommended to consume only bottled water, to peel the fruits well and to make cook vegetables before consuming them. Lastly, think of providing you with a first-aid kit of voyage.

Conditions of entry on the territory: for the French nationals, a valid passport is not enough to penetrate on the territory indonésien. You will have to obtain one 30 days nonrenewable maximum duration a tourist visa near the embassy or consular services indonésiens. The minor travellers must be provided with an individual passport.
For further information concerning vaccinations, the conditions of entry and the security instructions, you can, for example, to consult the site of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Travel and transport: from Paris (CDG), some companies serve the international airports indonésiens. Air France (AF) and KLM (KL) offer flights with stopovers in direction of international the Soekarno-Hatta airport of Jakarta (CGK) while Malaysia Airlines (MH), Singapore Airlines (SQ) or Cathay Airlines (CX) offer flights with stopovers towards the international airport of Denpasar-Bali (DPS). The internal lines are they as well developed because the plane is sometimes in Indonesia the only means of transport to go in certain places. Nevertheless, it would be advisable to take into account the prohibition of exploitation in the European Union since July 2007 of the whole of the national companies indonésiennes and to choose international companies which satisfy the international standards.

The capital: during its history, Indonesia saw itself colonized by various people from Southeast Asia. That enabled him to develop an attractive pluriethnic culture with the varied influences and that is particularly visible in Jakarta. The old city, for example, charms by its buildings of Dutch and Portuguese colonial style. The city has many museums, such as the Central Museum which exposes an interesting collection of objects of the local folklore and many mosques, such as the Istiqlal Mosque, sumptuously built out of white marble and which, after the Mosque Ahmet Sultan of Istanbul is the larger second of the world since it can accommodate to 120.000 believers. The city shelters also a picturesque Chinese district, the chinatown, which with its many restaurants and gravers open on the street, recreates the atmosphere of the Chinese streets typically. A visit of the park with Mini Taman topic indonesia Indah, qu extends on nearly 100 hectares in south-east to the city will also make it possible to be familiarized with the culture indonésienne in a distracting way. The park presents out of model typical traditional buildings of the 33 areas which account Indonesia, reproduced with identical and in their exact proportions. Moreover, in the form of temporary exhibitions, the park exposes traditional clothing and artisanal objects of the various areas.

Tourist sites of the 6 principal islands:

Sumatra is the sixth larger island of the world in surface since it extends on more than 50.000 km ². Its basement is rich in natural resources and it shelters an infinitely varied flora and a fauna. On the island, the most appreciated sites are the lake Toba and its neighborhoods, fatherland of the people of the warriors Bataks cannibals and the Nias island and its monuments megalithic.

The island of Borneo east, after Greenland and New Guinea, the third larger island of the world and its immense territory is divided by three countries, the sultanate of Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia which has the area of Kalimantan. It is a true paradise for the amateurs of trek in the jungle because the island is mainly covered by forest with mangroves marshy and, much of areas being difficult to reach, it thus is populated little. A large community of orangs-outans and the nasiques ones elected residence there.

Java, the principal island, densément is also densément populated since it shelters 127 million inhabitants, of which 11 million lives the capital. The island presents a very varied landscape which is worth to him to be a very appreciated tourist destination. One finds there tropical forests, savannas, forests of mangroves and volcanos. The island of Java belongs to the belt of fire of the Pacific, a volcanic belt which encloses all the Pacific Ocean. The island does not count less than 38 volcanos which all practically in activity, are known and the most feared being Bromo (2328 m) and Merapi (2980 m). The island lodges many national park in the mountains and of long sand beaches end which extend on kilometers. The amateurs of old cultures will not be remains about it because the island conceals also temples, of which most famous, those of Borobudur and Pambanan are both close to the old capital, Yogyakarta.

The island of Sulawesi, also called Celebes, is between Borneo and New Guinea. Like the majority of the islands indonésiennes, it is of volcanic origin and recalls by its very irregular form, a gigantic octopus. In the mountainous central part of the island, violent and constant precipitations throughout the year support a luxuriant and opulent vegetation, in which still live old tribes still living like their ancestors of the Stone Age.
Tourism concentrates in general rather in the south, in the country of Torajas, with its landscape of mountains to the odd forms, of cliffs on which the local population manages to make terrace cultivation. The people of Torajas are mainly known for his funerary rites which last several days and during which several dozen buffaloes and pigs is sacrificed. Deaths are not put out of ground, but are deposited in cavities dug for this purpose in cliff.

Irian Jaya occupies the Western part of L `island of New Guinea, the larger second in the world. Its ground is rich in natural resources and raw materials. It is besides here that the largest gold mine of the world is. They is there too that draws up more the high summit of all Oceania, Puncak Jaya which reaches the altitude of 4.884 Mr. In the tropical forests which recover a good part of the island, still live hundreds of tribes which nourish animals killed with hunting and wild fruit gathering. These tribes have all their own dialect and live in caves. This is why a tour in these areas concerns still today forwarding and the adventure. It should be noted that to go in these areas, it is in general necessary to ask as a preliminary an authorization the local authorities.

Moluques are especially known for their production of spices such as the nutmeg or the cloves. With regard to tourism, the islands have to offer volcanic tropical landscapes, species of rare birds and long sand beaches end.

Bali is the tourist destination more the appraisal of the tourists of the whole world, come to discover Indonesia. It is indeed one of the most beautiful islands of the world with its rice cultures in terrace, its always green and luxuriant vegetation, its coloured traditional festivals and its peaceful and pacifist Hindu population, without forgetting, of course, on its coasts, the long sand beaches end bordered of palm trees.

Religion: in Indonesia, all the great world religions are represented. The greatest majority of the population is Moslem sunnite with 86%. With that are added a Christian community (8%), a Hindu community (2%) and a Buddhist community (1%). The traditional worships are them also represented.

Big cities and possibilities of lodging: Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Bandung, Semaran and Palembang.

Flights expensive not preferred towards and of Indonesia/ID

·  Flight Singapore Bali (SIN DPS) with Singapore Airlines, Qantas Airways, Valuair, Garuda Indonesia, Transaero Airlines
·  Flight Paris Bali (BY DPS)
·  Flight Paris Jakarta (CDG CGK)
·  Flight Tokyo Bali (NRT DPS) with Japan Airlines, JALways, Garuda Indonesia
·  Flight Paris Jakarta - Metropolitan Area (BY JKT)
·  Flight Bordeaux Bali (BOD DPS)
·  Flight Manila cigar Mataram Selaparang (FRIENDLY MNL)
·  Flight Nice Bali (NCE DPS)
·  Flight Singapore Jakarta - Metropolitan Area (SIN JKT) with Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines
·  Flight Paris Bali (CDG DPS)
·  Flight Bali Paris (DPS BY)
·  Flight Banda Aceh Hamburg (BTJ HAM)
·  Flight Jakarta Montreal (CGK YMQ)
·  Flight Jakarta - Metropolitan Area Langkawi (JKT LGK)
·  Flight Balikpapan Singapore (BPN SIN) with Silk Air, Singapore Airlines
·  Flight Manado Manila cigar (MDC MNL)
·  Flight Jakarta White Lime pits (CGK HPN)
·  Flight Surabaya-Juanda Milan (SUB FLAX)
·  Flight Jakarta Wuhan (CGK WUH)
·  Flight Banda Aceh Bangkok (BTJ BKK)
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