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Cuba (CU)

Continent: North America Cuba Land
Surface: 110.860 km ²
Inhabitants: 113.087
Capital: Havanna International banking code (ISO Codes): CU
Official language: Spaniard Code: +53
Currency: Peso Number plate: C
Routes of Cuba: 737 Routes towards Cuba: 1192
Preferred airports: Havana (HAV), Santiago of Cuba (SCU), Bayamo (BYM), Cienfuegos (CFG), Varadero (VRA), Ciego De Avila Gums (AVI), Holguin (HOG), Cayo Coconut (CCC), Tired Tunas (VTU), Santa Clara (SNU)
Principal cities: Havanna, Santiago of Cuba, Camaguey, Holguín, Guantánamo, Santa Clara, Tired Tunas, Bayamo, Pinar del Río, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Ciego de Ávila, Manzanillo, Sancti Spíritus, Palma Soriano
Airline company based in Cuba: Cubana de Aviacion, Aerogaviota, Aerocaribbean

Tourist guide Cuba (North America)

The island of Cuba is the largest island of the Caribbean and also one of the last socialist States of the world. Cuba is above all known for its music, its poets, his Rum and its cigars. Because of its nature of island, Cuba does not have a direct neighbor.

Geography: Most of the island has a rather flat relief, even if 25% of the territory are composed of higher assembly lines being able to reach the 2000 meters of altitude, mainly in the West and the East of the country. The cuban coast is very marshy and the vegetation is dominated by the forests of mangroves

Mountains and rivers: The culminating point of the country is Pico Turquino in the mountains of Maestra Sierra, with its 1974 meters. The longest river is Rio Cuato, with its 370 km.

Climate and advised season: All the year, it is the subtropical climate which reigns in Cuba. It been thus hot there and the most rainy season are located between May and October. In this season, the island is also often attacked by tropical storms and hurricanes. During the fresher months which are located between December and April, precipitations are less. It is thus to better prefer these months there.

Language (S) of the country and communication: The official language and also the most spoken language are the Spaniard. One speaks there also sometimes French and English.

Health and vaccines: It is in general recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis has, typhus, the polio, the diphteria and tetanus. To protect itself from the viruses propagated by the mosquitos and the insects, it is enough most of the time to wear covering clothing and to use insecticides sold on the spot. In any case, there does not exist risk of malaria/paludism in Cuba. The big cities and the tourist sites are able to provide care of quality. However, it should be held account owing to the fact that the foreigners can be neat only in hospitals which theirs are intended and which the care is relatively expensive there. It is recommended to provide itself with a special health insurance for the voyages, valid in the whole world, with insurance-repatriation in the event of urgency. Apart from that, it is recommended to peel the fruits and to cook vegetables in order to avoid any risk of infection. It is also judicious to carry a small first-aid kit with the necessary one.

Conditions of entry: The passport is obligatory and must be valid still at least 6 months as from your arrival. The chart of tourism is obligatory to enter to Cuba. It is necessary to fill out the document which is referred to it and to buy it before unloading on the island. This chart costs approximately 22 € and will be delivered to you near the consulate (it is necessary to present the passport and the plane ticket, or the certificate of the travel agency). Certain travel agencies undertake with this formality. This chart is valid 30 days as from your arrival and six months starting from its date of emission. You can ask for a prolongation on the spot but you will have to present a reservation of hotel. For the stays of long life, it is necessary to make a request for visa in your country of origin. The children must be provided with an individual passport.

If you wish to know the last changes in this field, want to consult the site of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Arrival and displacements on the spot: The island of Cuba is served the every day by many companies charter and regular such AirEuropa (UX) with stopover at Madrid, Iberia (IB) there too with stopover in Madrid, Cubana (CU) which proposes connections between Paris and Varadero with stopover in Santiago of Cuba, Air France (AF) with direct flights or British Airways (BA). It is also possible to choose a flight towards Havana (HAV) or Santiago (SCU) then to continue towards Varadero (VRA), Holguin (HOG) or Cayo Coco (CCC). It is however to better hold the interior flights in advance because the number of places is limited.

Capital: Havana, the old pearl of the Caribbean, is the capital of Cuba. Still now, it continues to attract the visitors of the whole world. This envoûte city by its out of date charm. Between the long universally known walk of Malecon, which skirts the coast, and the houses of the old city which partly were restored and are classified since 1982 with the world heritage of UNESCO, Havana will be able to allure you. The fort of El Morro deserves a visit. It is one of the symbols of the city. Its construction began in 1563 to protect the city from piracy, and was completed only 40 years later. The fort of El Castillo of Fuerza is worth also the turning. It is the oldest fortification of the capital. It was built between 1565 and 1583. The fort is located opposite the old city, on a hill. The military museum is there. The amateurs of night life must pass one evening to the club “Tropicana”, which is the largest discotheque of the world; it was founded in 1931. Every evening, you can admire there a large spectacle with more than 200 dancers and dancers. All the famous musicians of Cuba began in this club.

Tourist sites and places of bathe: Cuba abounds in splendid landscapes. One finds there also many caves which were formerly the refuge of the pirates. There exist many national parks which contain wonders of nature. One of it are Cueva de Santo Tomas in Vinales, the largest caves of Cuba, even if for the moment, only 50 km were explored. The caves of Cueva de Caleta Large, on Isla de Juventud, are they also famous. Inside these caves, one can admire cave paintings preserved very well, which date from the time of the native-born people of Tainos. But it is especially the cave of Cueva de Punta del Este which holds more the attention, with its hundreds of drawings which belong to the chiefs of work of the cave painting.

The national park of Alejandro Humboldt is worth also the turning. It is classified since 2001 with the world heritage of UNESCO. In the area which includes the 4 Eastern provinces, one finds many ecosystems, like the coast and his covered marshes of mangroves, the coral solid masses, the dry forests near the coasts or the virgin forest located at more high-altitude, with high levels of precipitations. It is there that the mount El Toldo is, whose altitude is of 1.168 meters. Another miracle of nature is found in the landscapes of the Archipelago of Camaguey. Its 400 small islands are a true paradise on ground. Few places in the world can equalize it. They contain a flora and a very rich fauna. Thus, one can find there 200 species of animals different.

The visitors with the research of the traces of the revolution will go to Monumento Che Guevara, in Santa Clara. This tomb was set up in 1997, and it mortal remains of Che is, buried in a mausoleum there. An enormous bronze sculpture decorates the frontage with it

With not missing: The town of Santiago of Cuba, in the East of the island, is the hidden capital of Cuba. It is there that the cuban revolution was born and it is as there as its victory was declared, in 1959. The charm of the city rests on its splendid buildings dating from the colonial time, its intense cultural life and the Caribbean Sea which is in the vicinity. Because of its colonial architecture, the town of Santiago was classified in 1988 with the world heritage of UNESCO. Another city classified with the inheritance of UNESCO is Trinidad. It is a true treasure of colonial architecture, with its frontages of color pastels and its palates of style baroque which offer to the visitors of many subjects of photography.

Religion: Approximately 55% of the population do not belong to any religion, 40% are catholic, come then the Jewish and Protestant minorities.

Big cities: Havana, Santiago of Cuba, Camaguey, Holguín, Guantánamo, Santa Clara und Trinidad.

Flights expensive not preferred towards and of Cuba/CU

·  Flight Paris Havana (BY HAV)
·  Flight Belem Havana (BEAUTIFUL HAV)
·  Flight Santiago Santo Domingo of Cuba (SDQ SCU) with Aerocaribbean
·  Flight Paris Havana (ORY HAV) with Cubana de Aviacion, Corsair
·  Flight Dusseldorf Cayo Largo LED On (DUE CYO)
·  Flight Bogota Holguin (BOG HOG)
·  Flight Vancouver Havana (CXH HAV)
·  Flight Varna Havana (VAR HAV)
·  Flight Veracruz Havana (WORM HAV) with Mexicana de Aviacion
·  Flight London-Gatwick Santiago of Cuba (LGW SCU)
·  Flight Havana Madrid (HAV MAD) with IBERIA, Cubana de Aviacion, Air Europa Lineas Aereas
·  Flight Havana Trieste (HAV TRS)
·  Flight Havana Liverpool (HAV LPL)
·  Flight Cayo Largo LED On Hamburg (CYO HAM)
·  Flight Romanian Havana (ROMANIAN HAV)
·  Flight Havana Vancouver (HAV YVR)
·  Flight Havana Merida (HAV MID)
·  Flight Holguin Milan (HOG MILLET)
·  Flight Cayo Largo LED On Toronto (CYO YYZ)
·  Flight Varadero Kiev (VRA KBP)
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