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Mexico (MX)

Continent: North America Mexico Land
Surface: 1.952.550 km ²
Inhabitants: 109.720
Capital: Mexico City International banking code (ISO Codes): MX
Official language: Spaniard Code: +52
Currency: Mexican Peso Number plate: MX
Routes of Mexico: 4278 Routes towards Mexico: 5493
Preferred airports: Mexico City City (MEX), Tuxtla Gutierrez (TGZ), Cancun (CUN), Guadalajara (GDL), Villahermosa (VSA), Merida (MID), Puebla (PBC), Tijuana (TIJ), Acapulco (ACA), Aguascaliente (AGU)
Principal cities: Mexico City, Ecatepec, Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana, Nezahualcóyotl, Monterrey, León, Zapopan, Naucalpan, Guadalupe, Mérida, Tlalnepantla, Chihuahua, Potosí San Luis
Airline company based in Mexico: Aeroméxico, Mexicana de Aviacion, AVIACSA, Aeromar, Alma of Mexico City, Transport by air of Carga Union, Click Mexicana, Interjet, Aero California, Viva Aerobus, Estafeta Carga Aerea, Aeromexpress, Volaris

Tourist guide Mexico (North America)

Mexico has as neighbors the United States in North and the Belize as well as Guatemala in the South. It is bordered in the West by the Pacific Ocean and the East by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea which is both of the prolongations of the Atlantic Ocean.

Geography: Most of Mexico is composed by the Mexican high-plate which is intersected with many depressions, in the East and the West. The plate is encircled by several assembly lines, very different from/to each other. In the East, the Eastern Sierra Veined rises to approximately 2200 m of altitude, certain tops reaching the 3000m. In the West, it is the Western Sierra Veined which dominates the landscape and rises with approximately 2250m altitude with tops being able to reach the 3000m. As for the néo-volcanic cordillera, it crosses the center of Mexico of Is in West. The seismic activity is very important there and one finds there some of the highest volcanos of the world. Thus, certain tops reach the 5000 m of altitude there

Mountains and rivers: Mexico has several large rivers. On the east coast celebrates it Rio Bravo curves, which is called Rio Grande del Norte in Mexico and which represents the natural border with the United States. Among the other rivers, one finds Pánuco and Grijalva in the plate of Chiapas, and Hondo on the peninsula of Yucatan. As for the Lake Chapala, which is also more the big lake of the country, it is also the source of Rio Grand of Santiago.

The most volcanos of the country are Citlaltépetl (or Pico de Orizaba), which is with its 5.700 m the culminating point of the country, Popocatépetl, which is still active and measures 5.452 m and Iztaccíhuatl, high of 5.286 Mr.

Climate and advised season: Mexico is located in three different climatic zones. In the coastal regions, the plains and the peninsula of Yucatan, it is the tropical climate which reigns all the year. In least low areas of the high plateau, i.e. those located between 700 and 2000 m of altitude, it is the moderate climate which dominates, the temperatures refreshing considerably when one approaches the tops. From 2000 m of altitude, the temperatures are definitely lower, and this all year. The temperatures then exceed seldom the 15 ° C. In fact, Mexico can be a destination of voyage at any period of the year.

Language (S) and communication: The official language is the Spaniard. But in the mediums of business, the tourist sites and the big cities, much or the English includes/understands speaks.

Health and vaccines: For the moment, no vaccine is obligatory. The medical care exempted in Mexico is in general good quality. It is easy, most of the time, to get drugs, even without ordinance. : It is in general recommended to be vaccinated against hepatitis has, the diphteria and tetanus. There exists also a risk of Malaria/paludism, even if the form mortal of the virus is present only in the moved back campaigns. This risk generally does not relate to the big cities. Before leaving, please inform itself near your attending physician in connection with a possible preventive medication of the malaria (paludism). Cases of dengue (strong influenza), transmitted by the mosquitos also often appear in epidemic form. Lastly, the disease of Chagas can be transmitted by certain bugs, even if that more frequently arrives at the countryside. It is also recommended to protect itself from the virus from the AIDS, which is very widespread in Mexico. In order to prevent the cases of turista (“the revenge of Moctezumas”), it is recommended to pay attention to water that one drinks, the best solution being to drink only mineral water out of bottle and not to take ice floes. Apart from that, it is recommended to peel the fruits and to cook vegetables in order to avoid any risk of infection.

Conditions of entry: You will have to pay at the entry of Mexico a tax of 15 US $. However, it is often included in the plane ticket. The visa is not obligatory for the European, Canadian or Swiss citizens who go to Mexico as tourists. However, you will have to fill a tourist chart which will enable you to remain in Mexico for one 90 days duration. This duration can be renewed up to 6 months, Gardez preciously this document because he will be asked to you at the time of your exit of the territory. A valid passport is required. It must be valid still 6 months after being left Mexico. The children must be provided with an individual passport.

If you wish to obtain from advantage of information in connection with the conditions of entry or safety, or on the vaccines to be carried out, please consult Internet site of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Arrival and displacements on the spot: Mexico has many international airports, most important being that of Benito Juarez, which is located at 13 km in the South of the capital. Many airline companies also serve the towns of Monterrey and Guadalajara. If not, of many companies also flights propose towards Cancun, Air Europa for example. The companies Mexicana and Aeroméxico are specialized in the interior flights, the overhead grid being very well structured. In addition to that, many companies are devoted only to certain areas of Mexico.

Capital: The capital of the country is Mexico City. It is located at approximately 2500 meters with the top of the sea level. The volcanos Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, with their covered with snow tops, overhang the city This city which counts almost 2 million inhabitants, was built on the ruins of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan. It is one of the more big cities of the world. It abounds in monuments and historic sites and archaeological, that they are those of the old indigenous culture or testimonys of the colonial time. The most known monument is Zocalo, the oldest place of Mexico City. The national palate is found there, which was built in 1692 on the ruins of the palate of Montezuma. Plaza of mow Tres Cultures also forms part of the monuments for which it is necessary to grant a turning. It is located close to Zocalo. The three cultures which influenced the history of the city there are joined together in a harmonious way. One finds vestiges of the Aztec culture there, building of style baroque dating from the colonial time and the more modern buildings built at the 20th century. This mixture of the times distills a very particular environment and makes this place a particular place. If you are in Mexico City at this time there, do not miss the festival of December 12th, in the honor of the holy owner of the country, Senora de Guadalupe. The festivities proceed in Basilica de Nuestra, in front of which this day million people gathers there.

Tourist sites and places of bathe: Mexico lends itself ideally to the voyages, thanks to the diversity of its landscapes and with the richness of its cultural treasures. One can combine various activities with it, of the stay to the beach with the archeological sites, while passing by the various natural wonders which make the beauty of Mexico. This country knows the picturesque mountainous landscapes as well as the imposing deserts, the splendid sand beaches end or charming them small towns with the colonial charm, without forgetting the many vestiges of the indigenous culture.

The North of Mexico east mainly composed of impressive desert extents and of the splendid peninsula of Baja California. It is easy to go on this spit of land while passing by the frontier city of Tijuana. It is a paradise for the fishermen and the amateurs of immense beaches. The peninsula also has a large range of water sports.

On the Mexican high plateau, do not miss the visit of the town of Teotihuacán. The city of the gods is located at 50 km in the North of Mexico City. It is known for its pyramids of the sun and the moon, the temple of Quetzalcoatl and its citadel. This city, which is one of the most important archeological sites of the country, was the first capital of Mexican civilization, at the 6th century. Time of its apogee, Teotihuacán counted, according to the estimates, approximately 200.000 inhabitants. The impressive vestiges which are there point out this glorious past.

In the South of the high-plate of Mexico City, it is the tropical zone which starts, with its luxuriant tropical forests and its beautiful colonial cities. The town of Oaxaca de Juárez is worth it also the turning. It is more the big city of the area. Its colonial last rich person reappears with each corner of street. With proximity is the zapotèque archeological site of Assembles Albán. The city contains itself of many monuments, such its churches dating from the 17th century and the archaeological museum with its exceptional collection of artefacts of zapotèques and Mixtèques, coming from the archeological site from Assembles Alban.

The site of Mitla, with 40km of oaxaca, is worth him-also to it turning. It was, approximately 1000 years ago, the administrative center where Zapotèques concentrated their capacity. The characteristic of the site of Mitla, is that one does not find there symbols mythological or human figures, but of the purified geometrical reasons. The frontages of the buildings still very well are preserved and have many ornaments cut with the graver and mosaics. The fact that this site still forms a coherent unit and preserved well as a whole is single in Mexico.

The peninsula of Yucatan, in South-west, the border with the Belize, is another paradisiac destination. It is located in the area of Cancun and contains many archaeological treasures, such as for example its large temples, its pyramids and the vestiges of the Maya culture. It is very easy to combine the visit of these sites with a stay on the splendid beaches of the Gulf of Mexico. It is in this area that this finds the archeological sites most impressive, which makes of it an area as much appreciated of the historians than of the amateurs of beautiful beaches. The sites best restored are those of Uxmal, Chichen-Itza, Tulum and Palenque. Tulum is located at 130 km in the South of Cancun. It is the only site located in seaside. In addition to its exceptional cultural treasures, Tulum will charm you by its splendid points of view on its water turquoise color and Caribbean Sea.

The most known beach is without any doubt that of Acapulco, in bay of the Gulf of Mexico. The city and the beaches of the Pacific which border it, extend on 16 km along the sea. The beaches there are splendid and propose a large range of water sports. In background are detached the majestic mountains from the Sierra Veined. From there, splendid sights on bay of Acapulco and the ocean are offered to you.

With not missing: If you can it, get into the train “Chihuahua Al Pacifico”, which connects the towns of Los Mochis, city with the tropical climate of the peaceful coast, at the town of Chihuahua, located in full heart of the country, on the Veined high plateau of the Sierra. It is one of most beautiful the railway line of the world the voyage hard in all 14 hours. The most impressive moment is the crossing of the canyon of the Copper which belongs to the great system of the canyons of North America. The construction of this chief of work of the technique lasted 80 years. On this course, the train crosses 89 tunnels and 39 bridges.

Religion: The population is to 88% catholic. The country also counts a Protestant minority which does not cease increasing, and which gathers for the moment 8% of the population. Lastly, 3% are without confession and some other small minorities represent the other religions. It is especially in rural environment that the religion plays a big role.

Big cities: Ciudad of Mexico City, Ecatepec de Morelos, Guadalajara, Puebla, Juárez, Tijuana, Nezahualcóyotl, Monterrey and León.

Flights expensive not preferred towards and of Mexico/MX

·  Flight Brussels Mexico City City (DAUGHTER-IN-LAW MEX)
·  Flight Nantes Mexico City City (NTE MEX)
·  Flight Fort de France Mexico City City (FDF MEX)
·  Flight Buenos Aires Cancun (EZE CUN) with Aerolineas Argentinas
·  Flight Frankfurt-Hahn Cancun (HHN CUN)
·  Flight Kelowna Los Cabos (YLW SJD)
·  Flight Toronto Huatulco (YYZ HUX)
·  Flight Athens Durango Victoria (ATH DGO)
·  Flight Calama El leasing Monterrey (CJC MTY)
·  Flight Quito Tuxtla Gutierrez (UIO TGZ)
·  Flight Mexico City City Lyon (MEX LILY)
·  Flight Tuxtla Gutierrez Flora (TGZ FRS)
·  Flight Mexico City City Charlotte (MEX CLT) with US Airways, United Airlines
·  Flight Toluca Moscow (TLC MOW)
·  Flight Los Cabos Las Vegas (TIRED SJD) with American Airlines, Mexicana de Aviacion, US Airways, Aeromar
·  Flight Mexico City City Moscow (MEX MOW)
·  Flight Culiacan Bogota (BOTTOM BOG)
·  Flight Campeche Quito (CPE UIO)
·  Flight Mexico City City Puerto Ordaz (MEX PZO)
·  Flight Mexico City City Asuncion (MEX ASU)
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